Making asterisk+Dahdi work on ubuntu 14.04

Asterisk and Dahdi Setup

I installed asterisk  and the dahdi packages

apt-get install asterisk asterisk-config asterisk-core-sounds-en asterisk-core-sounds-en-gsm asterisk-dahdi asterisk-modules asterisk-moh-opsound-gsm asterisk-vocemail dahdi dahdi-dkms dahdi-linux

I rebooted at this point because it seems as though dahdi and asterisk act a bit different from a reload than from a reboot.

I confirmed that the dahdi modules were all loaded and then I ran:

dahdi_hardware #to confirm that my wcte12xp+ hardware was visible
dahdi_genconf # to automatically setup my /etc/dahdi/system.conf file
dahdi_scan # to make sure that my hardware was setup to run a PRI / T1 (it wasn't so I had to change the jumper from e1 to t1 and start over)

At this poing I am ready to run the config and make sure that my channels are all configured correctly

dahdi_cfg -vv # this display all of the channels that are were setup by dahdi_genconf,   if dahdi_genconf set up your span wrong edit /etc/dahdi/system.conf

I also confirmed that in my ‘ /etc/modprobe.d/dahdi.conf’ file I had a couple of entries

options dahdi auto_assign_spans=1
options wcte12xp default_linemode=t1

(the linemode may have been unnecessary,  and left over from when I was screwing around with figuring out the jumper)

After everything is setup again,  I reboot (Rebooting is always good idea when verifying configuration changes, as it confirms that your changes will survive a reboot)

The Issue – Errors with the PRI

When the reboot came back up ,  I was able to confrim again that dahdi_scan and dahdi_cfg -vv came back as expected.   Since the dahdi_genconf command autoatmically setup my dahdi-channels.conf file (included by chan_dahdi.conf)   Then now calls that come in through the pri should now start showing up on the asterisk console.

asterisk -rvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv #attach to the asterisk console with a good amount of debugging

This is where I start to see errors:

[Apr 24 10:07:07] ERROR[2863] chan_dahdi.c: PRI Span: 1 Write to 36 failed: Invalid argument
[Apr 24 10:07:07] ERROR[2863] chan_dahdi.c: PRI Span: 1 Short write: 0/5 (Invalid argument)

These errors occur 1000s of times an hour.

After digging around a bit more I found a couple more errors

#dmesg|grep dahdi
[ 12.024807] dahdi: module verification failed: signature and/or required key missing - tainting kernel
[ 12.025077] dahdi: unknown parameter 'auto_assign_spans' ignored

I did not know what these meant,  but it seemed worth some research.    It seems that when a kernel is tainted “It is in a state that is not supported by the community“.  [].   However that just seems to show that there is a problem but does not help me figure out what it means.  However the ‘unknown parameter’  auto_assign_spans leads me to believe that I somehow have an old version of dahdi installed

dahdi is upto version 2.11 as of 4/26/2016

dahdi is upto version 2.11 as of 4/26/2016

# cat /sys/module/dahdi/version

A quick check shows that the dahdi installed from the binary is seriously out of date.


Install Latest versions from source

So,  I had to remove asterisk and dahdi as a set of packages and install from source.

#apt-get remove asterisk dahdi
#apt-get autoremove

Removed about 70 packages and I was left with an asterisk-less system,   then this article helped me to get asterisk and dahdi installed from source

#apt-get update && apt-get -y upgrade
#apt-get -y install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
#apt-get -y install build-essential subversion git libncurses5-dev uuid-dev libjansson-dev libxml2-dev  libsqlite3-dev
#cd /usr/local/src #wget #tar zxvf dahdi-linux-complete-current.tar.gz #cd dahdi-linux-complete*/ #I changed this from the article since the latest version was 2.11 when I installed #make all #make install #make config
#cd /usr/local/src
#tar zxvf libpri*
#cd libpri*
#make install && cd ..
# wget
#tar xvzf asterisk*
#cd asterisk*
#contrib/scripts/install_prereq install
# make && make install && make config

Then I restart everything

/etc/init.d/dahdi start   
/etc/init.d/asterisk start

And my phone system is working,  there are no more errors and all phone traffic (in and out of the PRI) is working.

Of course,  I reboot,  just to confirm that dahdi and asterisk do start on their own.